A brief history to Women’s suffrage in the United Kingdom:
It became a national movement in the nineteenth century. Women were not explicitly banned from voting in Great Britain until the 1832 Reform Act and the 1835 Municipal Corporations Act. Both before and after 1832, establishing women’s suffrage on some level was a political topic, although it would not be until 1872 that it would become a national movement with the formation of the National Society for Women’s Suffrage and later the more influential National Union of Women’s Suffrage Societies (NUWSS). As well as in England, women’s suffrage movements in Wales and other parts of the United Kingdom gained momentum. The movements shifted sentiments in favour of woman suffrage by 1906. It was at this point that the militant campaign began with the formation of the Women’s Social and Political Union (WSPU). Some have argued the militant suffragettes turned to violence and discredited and postponed votes for women.
Naz Smyth prepared the following recent timeline beginning at the early 1900. During this time women wore long dresses. It was not acceptable for women to show their legs. From 1910 women wore hobble skirts. They were so narrow women could only ‘hobble’ along while wearing them. However during World War I women’s clothes became more practical.
Meanwhile in 1913 Mary Phelps Jacob invented the modern bra. She used two handkerchiefs joined by ribbon. In 1915 lipstick was sold in tubes for the first time.
1908 Aldeburgh becomes the first town in Britain to have a female mayor
1913 Emily Dawson is the first woman magistrate in Britain
1914 Britain gets its first policewomen
1917 In Britain the Women’s Royal Naval Service is formed
1918 In Britain women over 30 are allowed to vote
1919 In Britain the Sex Disqualification Act allows women to become lawyers, vets and civil servants. The Women’s Engineering Society is formed. Britain also gets its first female MP.
1926 Gertrude Ederle is the first woman to swim across the English channel
1928 In Britain all women over 21 are allowed to vote the same as men
1929 Margaret Bondfield becomes the first woman cabinet minister in Britain
1930 Amy Johnson flies from Britain to Australia
1936 Beryl Markham became the first woman to fly across the Atlantic east to west
1946 Lilian Lindsay becomes the first woman president of the British Dental Association
1955 Ruth Ellis becomes the last woman hanged in Britain
1956 Rose Heilbron becomes the first woman judge in Britain
1958 Hilda Harding becomes the first woman bank manager in Britain
1970 An Equal Pay Act is passed in Britain
1972 Rose Heilbron becomes the first woman judge at the Old Bailey (The Central Criminal Court of England and Wales)
1973 In Britain women are allowed to join the stock exchange for the first time
1975 The Sex Discrimination Act makes it illegal to discriminate against women in employment, education and training.
1976 Mary Langdon becomes the first female fire fighter in Britain
1979 Margaret Thatcher becomes the first woman prime minister of Britain
1983 Mary Donaldson becomes the first woman Lord Mayor of London
1991 Helen Sharman is the first British woman in space
1995 Pauline Clare becomes the first female chief constable in Britain
Naz Smyth read on Illinois News Bureau that “Voices from around the world report a variety of conditions and systems under which only one thing holds constant – the universal second-class status of females. If there was ever a moment when the women of one culture had a responsibility toward their sisters in other nations, this is it. We should not waste time quibbling over what to wear to the conflict.”
A question remains has Feminism suffered because of its views on beauty and fashion?